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Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis

Medieval Manuscripts from Philadelphia-area institutions, digitized as part of the CLIR-funded Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis Project



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Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Special Collections
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Lehigh University, Special Collections, Lehigh Codex 10. Naples, Italy, Second half 15th century. This late fifteenth-century manuscript, written on paper, contains a compilation of alchemical texts assembled and copied by Arnold of Brussels. For the most part, it was made in Naples between 1472 and 1490, as often noted at the end of works (for example, fols. 149r, 182v, 196v). A group of works in the middle of the volume appear to be in a different, possibly German, hand (fols. 79-101). As...
Topics: Alchemy, 15th century, Italy
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 1,425
favorite 4
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 33. Paris, France, Circa 1250. This manuscript is a thirteenth-century Paris Bible.
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 1,103
favorite 3
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 37. Italy, Possibly made in Genoa or Naples; circa 1260-1280. This manuscript is a large Latin Bible with prologues and the Interpretationes Hebraicorum nominum. It was written in Italy in rotunda script between approximately 1260 and 1280, but the historiated and illuminated initials from the beginning of the Old Testament through the wisdom writings are by a French illuminator. An Italian illuminator is responsible for the decoration in the rest of the...
Topics: Bible, 13th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Quaker & Special Collections
texts
eye 1,101
favorite 3
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Haverford College, Quaker & Special Collections, 1250 J2.16.10. Northern France, Circa 1200. This manuscript is an early thirteenth-century Bible with additional prayers and appendices. It features over fifty highly elaborate zoomorphic and inhabited initials with decorated initials throughout.
Topics: 13th century, Bible, France
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
texts
eye 1,069
favorite 9
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Donald F. and Mildred Topp Othmer Library of Chemical History, Othmer MS 1. Bergamo?, Milan?, Pavia?, Como?, Northwestern Italy, Probably before 22 December 1438. This manuscript contains a recipe collection with more than 520 different recipes on topics ranging from alchemy and medicine to solutions for simple household problems such as fleas, with an extensive alphabetical index.
Topics: 15th century, Italy, Italian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Library Company
texts
eye 1,048
favorite 5
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Library Company, 9. England, 13th century. This manuscript is a thirteenth-century English Bible that was presented to the Library Company of Philadelphia in 1768 by Dr. George Vaux of London. The books of the Bible are bound in an unusual order, in a later binding with signs of trimming. In the Hebrew scriptures, Psalms is followed by the minor prophets, then the major prophets, then the wisdom books. Leaves at the end of Ezekiel and the beginning of Daniel are missing (between fols. 307 and...
Topics: Bible, 13th century, English
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 945
favorite 3
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Free Library of Philadelphia, LC 14 23. Italy, The watermark can be localized to Venice; february 27, 1460. The principal text in this legal compendium is Angelo de Gambiglioni's Tractatus de Malificiis (fols. 1r-102v). Other authors represented include Bartolus de Saxoferrato, Iacobus Butrigarius, and Iacobus de Arena. In all, forty-four texts are present though most are only excerpts. The colophon on fol. 103r informs us that the scribe for the first part of this volume was Johannes Batista...
Topics: Treatise, 15th century, Italian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 942
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 34. Paris, France, Circa 1250. This manuscript is a thirteenth-century Bible written in Paris, France.
Topics: Bible, Christian, 13th century
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 938
favorite 1
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 36. Padua or Venice, Italy, Circa 1260-1280. This Italian Bible was probably produced in either Padua or Venice in the second half of the thirteenth century. It features a classic Italian rotunda script, while the stylistic traits visible in the miniatures, such as the green flesh tones and highlighting of the drapery of the figures in the historiated initials, link this Bible to those produced by the renowned Italian scribe Giovanni da Gaibana of Padua at...
Topics: 13th century, Italian, Italy
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 932
favorite 2
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 31. Oxford?, England, Circa 1230. This manuscript is a Vulgate Bible written in England in the second quarter of the thirteenth century. It has typical layout in two columns and decorations of red and blue initials, running titles, and chapter numbers. The Bible is followed by a concordance written in three columns.
Topics: Bible, Christian, England
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 811
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 198. Florence?, Italy, Circa 1450. This volume of works by Virgil, likely produced in Florence in the mid-fifteenth century, contains a verse prologue (fol. 1v), followed by the Aeneid (fols. 2r-145r), Eclogues (fols. 147r-159v), Georgics (fols. 160r-191v), and two Poems for Virgil (fol. 192r and 192v). The first folio of the Aeneid text is decorated with an inhabited initial showing Aeneas in armor, and a blank escutcheon, filled in with a later...
Topics: 15th century, Italy, Italian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Bryn Mawr College Library
texts
eye 763
favorite 1
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Bryn Mawr College Library, MS 31. Northern Europe, 15th-16th century. This is a fifteenth- or sixteenth century breviary from Northern Europe.
Topics: 15th century, 16th century, Breviary
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Bryn Mawr College Library
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eye 727
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Bryn Mawr College Library, MS 9. Italy, Mid-15th century. This is an Italian manuscript from the mid-fifteenth century, which contains Eusebius' De evangelica praeparatione, translated by George of Trebizond.
Topics: 15th century, Italy, Humanistic
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
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eye 709
favorite 1
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 81. Germany, 1423. This manuscript contains an early fifteenth-century copy of Epistola ad Iheronimum (Letter to Jerome) and Vitae patrum (Lives of the Fathers).
Topics: Accounts, 15th century, German
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 707
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 242. France, Circa 1250. This manuscript is a thirteenth-century Bible copied in France, possibly Paris, with the prologues of Jerome and the Interpretationes Hebraicorum nominum (Interpretation of Hebrew names). It is written in two columns of textualis script with running titles and chapter numbers in red and blue letters. Its hierarchy of decoration includes historiated initials at a small number of book and psalm divisions; decorated initials at all...
Topics: Bible, 13th century, 14th century
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Philadelphia Museum of Art, Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs
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eye 689
favorite 1
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Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs, 1945‑65‑3. Paris, France, Between 1450 and 1480. This lavish manuscript copy of the Roman de la Rose features a remarkably dense iconographic cycle, containing seventy-five ornate miniatures. It was illuminated in the second half of the fifteenth century in the workshop of Maitre Francois, and the miniatures are the work of at least two artists. The program of illustrations favors the text of Guillaume de Lorris, which has forty-four...
Topics: 15th century, French, France
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Special Collections
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eye 668
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Lehigh University, Special Collections, Lehigh Codex 13. Italy, February 22, 1462. This is a fifteenth-century manuscript copy of Virgil's Aeneid on paper, written in Italy and dated 22 February 1462. There are many textual corrections, annotations and drawings in a later hand. Bears the inscription Michael Bone.
Topics: 15th century, Italian, Gloss
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Special Collections
texts
eye 659
favorite 9
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Lehigh University, Lehigh University, Special Collections, Lehigh Codex 18. Lyon?, France, First quarter 16th century. This Book of Hours of the Use of Rome was produced in France, likely in Lyon, in the second decade of the sixteenth century. The miniatures are similar in style to those of the Master of the Entry of Francis I, named after a manuscript now in Wolfebüttel (Cod. Guelf. 86.4 Extrav.). The calendar (fols. 1r-12v) is illustrated with twenty-four bas-de-page vignettes showing the...
Topics: 16th century, France, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 618
favorite 1
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 28. Paris, France, Mid- 13th century. This compact Parisian bible contains the letter and prologue of Saint Jerome, the Latin text of the Vulgate, and an alphabetical list of Hebrew names with their interpretations. The final folio contains notes and finding aids in an early hand. The book was produced in the mid-thirteenth century. It is decorated with seven historiated initials (Saint Jerome, fol. 1r; the Seven Days of Creation, fol. 5r; Solomon Teaching,...
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Topics: 13th century, French, France
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Donald F. and Mildred Topp Othmer Library of Chemical History
texts
eye 598
favorite 6
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Donald F. and Mildred Topp Othmer Library of Chemical History, Othmer MS 2. Northern Italy, Between 1450 and 1475. This manuscript contains a miscellany of practical and theoretical alchemical texts with a full-page drawing of alchemical instruments.
Topics: Treatise, 15th century, Italy
Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 247. Cirencester?, England, Late 12th century or early 13th century. This manuscript contains imperfect copies of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia regum Anglorum (fols. 1r-25v) and of William of Malmesbury's Gesta regum Anglorum (fols. 26r-55v), two important twelfth-century English historical texts. The Historia ends part-way through chapter XVI of book VII, and the Gesta contains only the first three books (and ends imperfectly). The manuscript was made in...
Topics: 12th century, 13th century, England
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 562
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 39. Italy, Possibly Siena or Venice; mid-13th century. This manuscript is a northern Italian Bible from the middle of the thirteenth century. It is decorated with sixteen historiated initials and numerous decorated and pen-flourished intials. Scrap leaves with chant notation and an index of incipits precede the Bible text, and the index of Hebrew names follows it.
Topics: Bible, 13th century, Christian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 557
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 142. Neuberg, Germany, 1458 October 17. Little is known about Johannes Nicolaus de Milis except that he was the author of this legal text, which he wrote in the 1430s, and that he was probably from Verona. The text itself comprises a legal glossary arranged alphabetically, beginning with absenti. This manuscript was made in the Bavarian town of Neuberg by the scribe Georgius of Neuberg, who completed the work on Oct. 17, 1458. Although the book was written...
Topics: 15th century, Glossary, Germany
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
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Library Company, 6. France, First quarter 15th century. This early-fifteenth-century manuscript contains the text of Nicholas of Lyra's commentary on the Psalms. The preface is introduced by a damaged historiated initial with an author portrait. Further illuminated initials mark the beginnings of Psalms 1, 26, 51, 80, 109. An early user has divided it into eight books according to the habitual Psalm divisions by means of the Roman numeral headings I-VII. Numerals for the last book are absent.
Topics: Commentary, 15th century, France
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by The Rosenbach
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eye 544
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The Rosenbach, Free Library of Philadelphia, MS 484/11. Italy, 13th century. This manuscript is an Italian thirteenth-century copy of Bernard of Clairvaux's Sermones Super Cantica Canticorum (Sermons on the Song of Songs).
Topics: Collection of Sermons, 13th century, Italian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
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eye 539
favorite 3
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University of Delaware Library, MSS 95, Item 15. Italy, 15th and 16th centuries. This manuscript is a compilation of remedies for various ills chiefly using wine, recipes for pills, for purifying metals, recipes and instructions for making colors for painting, enameling. The first half of the manuscript (fols. 1-32) is 15th century on parchment. Additional remedies in a 16th century hand, for inflamed testicles, menstrual distress, toothache, headache, leprosy, and recipes for birth control and...
Topics: 15th century, 16th century, Italian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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eye 526
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 170. France Italy, Third quarter 13th century to first quarter 14th century. This volume contains Peter Lombard's Liber IV sententiarum (Four Books of Sentences) in two neat columns of text. It is embellished with large decorated initials at important divisions in the text, such as the start of the prologue and of each individual book (fols. 1r, 3r, 63r, 65r, 116v, and 156v). Its wide margins have been filled with copious notes and annotations in a number...
Topics: Treatise, 14th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 35. Pontigny?, France, Possibly a monastic study text from the Cistercian abbey at Pontigny, where Langton resided 1207-1213; between 1220 and 1230. This manuscript is a partial copy of Stephen Langton's commentary on the Pentateuch, covering Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. It was copied in France, possibly Pontigny, circa 1220-1230. It is not a fine copy, written on parchment of varying size, many sheets with irregular edges and holes, with very limited...
Topics: Commentary, 13th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by The Rosenbach
texts
eye 521
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The Rosenbach, Free Library of Philadelphia, MS 241/2. Angers?, France, According to the contemporary colophon, fol. 204v, written by order of René of Anjou for Louis Martel, seigneur d'Angierville, his councilor and chamberlain, in 1437; 1437. This imposing manuscript contains a trilogy of versified allegorical works by Guillaume de Deguileville (1295-before 1358), the popular Cistercian author whose works circulated widely in French. The first text contained in the manuscript is the...
Topics: Miscellany, 15th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Bryn Mawr College Library
texts
eye 518
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Bryn Mawr College Library, MS 12. Rome, Italy, 1462. This manuscript contains John Chrysostom's Homeliae in johannis evangelium, translated by Francesco Griffolini of Arezzo. The scribe is identified in the colophon as Lambert Leynen, who copied the manuscript in Rome in 1462. The manuscript belonged to the library of the Carthusian Charterhouse of Saint Barbara in Cologne and previous owners include Leander van Ess, Sir Thomas Phillipps, and John Meade Falkner.
Topics: 15th century, Italy, Humanistic
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Quaker & Special Collections
texts
eye 514
favorite 1
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Haverford College, Quaker & Special Collections, Rendel Harris 1. Northern Spain, Most likely from Tudela, Burgeos, or Soria in northern Spain, based on the Sephardic script, use of a reed pen, eight sheets per quire, sequence of books after Malachi, and the page pricking method, according to Rachel Beckwith; 1266. This manuscript is a Hebrew Bible with a colophon dated 5026 (1266), written in Spain, probably Tudela, Burgeos, or Soria. It has an unusual book order after the Prophets, only...
Topics: Bible, 13th century, Sephardi
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 510
favorite 4
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 244. Bologna, Italy, Third quarter 13th century. This large manuscript contains the Infortiatum of Justinian's Digest of Roman Law, along with the thirteenth-century jurist Accursius's commentary. Accursius died in 1263, so this Bolognese manuscript of circa 1270-1280 is an early example of his work. Both the primary text and the commentary are extensively glossed, in near-contemporary and later medieval hands. The parchment evinces historic damage and...
Topics: 13th century, Italian, Annotated
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 503
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 84. England, First half of 14th century. This manuscript is a fourteenth-century theological miscellany written in England. This manuscript contains a collection of theological writings, including Book III of Gregory the Great's Moralia in Job, an anonymous treatise entitled Summa de trinitate, Hugh of St. Cher's Speculum ecclesiae (Mirror of the Church), and Innocent III's De miseria conditionis humanae (On the misery of the human condition).
Topics: Miscellany, 14th century, Christian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Pennsylvania Museum of Art, Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs
texts
eye 486
favorite 8
comment 1
Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs, 1945‑65‑13. France, Mid to late 15th century. This Book of Hours for the Use of Rome contains an unusually dense iconographic cycle which includes fifty-three large miniatures and many smaller marginal scenes. It was produced in Northern France, most likely Paris, in the last decade of the fifteenth century. The calendar, in French (pp. 1-24), is illustrated on each page with seven or eight small miniatures housed within architectural frames,...
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Topics: Book of Hours, 15th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 483
favorite 1
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 38. Siena?, Italy, Circa 1250. This manuscript is a Bible written in Italy, perhaps Siena, in the thirteenth century. Each book of the Bible begins with a historiated initial; approximately ten initials have been cut out, as well as outer half of the fourth leaf. The text of the Bible is written in two columns of rotunda script; it is followed by The Interpretation of Hebrew Names, also in two columns, which is missing the entries at the end after Zava....
Topics: Bible, 13th century, Italian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 483
favorite 4
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 236. Paris, France, Early 14th century. This manuscript is a Breviary made in Paris early in the fourteenth century for the Franciscan Use of Rome, and contains lists of the ferial antiphons, feasts, absolutions, and blessings (fols. 1r-11v), a calendar (fols. 13r-24v), a liturgical psalter (fols. 25r-263r), the temporale and sanctorale cycles of feasts (fols. 266r-533v), the Little Office of the Virgin (fols. 534r-552r), the Office of the Dead (fols....
Topics: Breviary, 14th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
texts
eye 483
favorite 2
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 166. France, Circa 1300. This volume, written in France circa 1300, mostly consists of the Summa de vitiis of Guilelmus Peraldus, followed by a shorter treatise on the virtues, with pages of notes bound in at the beginning and end. The text is written in Gothic textualis with several changes of hand and occasional manicules in the side margins and stemmata or lists in the lower margin. Its decoration largely consists of red initials, paragraph marks, and...
Topics: 14th century, France, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 455
favorite 1
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 158. France, Paris, Circa 1275. This noted Dominican Missal, likely produced in Paris, contains thirteen historiated initials by the Johannes Grusch workshop. A series of prayers for Charles I, King of Sicily (r. 1265-1285) and his family indicate an early Southern Italian or Sicilian ownership.
Topics: 13th century, Missal, Historiated initial
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
texts
eye 447
favorite 1
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 197. Italy, Circa 1480. This late fifteenth century manuscript, likely produced in Florence, contains the text of Thomas de Waleys's commentary on Saint Augustine's De civitate dei (City of God). Waleys was a Dominican, likely from Wales, who was educated at Oxford and Paris and was active in the first half of the fourteenth century.
Topics: 15th century, Italy, Italian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Philadelphia Museum of Art, Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs
texts
eye 415
favorite 2
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Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs, 1945‑65‑2. Bruges, Belgium, c. 1465‑1470, with additions c. 1550‑1565. This extraordinary Psalter-Hours is one of the largest and most elaborately illuminated devotional books made in the Netherlands for export to England during the fifteenth century and is the only known example of a fully illustrated Psalter produced either in or for England or the Netherlands at that time. It is remarkably singular in its robust cycle of ten full-page...
Topics: Book of Hours, 15th century, English
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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eye 408
favorite 4
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 238. England, First half of the 15th century. This manuscript contains the Brut Chronicle, Common version to 1377 with full continuation, Stage 1, with an additional single folio on the Betrayal of Calais to the French in 1557.
Topics: England, Chronicle, Scroll
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by The Rosenbach
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eye 403
favorite 3
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The Rosenbach, Free Library of Philadelphia, MS 1057/29. Paris or Tours, France, Between 1480 and 1500. This Book of Hours of the Use of Paris, produced in Paris or Tours between 1480 and 1500, includes a triple-graded French calendar containing many saints associated with Paris. The calendar is illustrated with marginal vignettes representing the labors of the months and the signs of the Zodiac. Each of the four Gospel Lessons is introduced with a large miniature, as are the Obsecro te and O...
Topics: Book of Hours, 15th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Bryn Mawr College Library
texts
eye 397
favorite 1
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Bryn Mawr College Library, MS 16. Italy, Early 16th century. This is an early sixteenth-century Italian manuscript by Domizio Calderino, which includes two texts: a treatise on the gods and a commentary on Virgil's Aeneid. The manuscript is made of five or six different paper stocks, one of which is of a smaller size. The initials of the first words in each text division are in large majuscules outside the text block.
Topics: Treatise, Commentary, 16th century
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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eye 387
favorite 1
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 248. France, Second half of the 13th century. This manuscript is a 13th-century copy from France of Raymond of Penafort's (c. 1175 - 1275) Summa de casibus poenitentia (Treatise on the Cases of Penance). Raymond was a member of the Dominican Order, and an authority on the subject of canon law. His Summa de casibus poenitentia (Treatise on the Cases of Penance), a manual of canon law for confessors, was intended for use in determining the type and amount of...
Topics: Treatise, 13th century, France
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 385
favorite 6
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Widener 4. Paris, France, Fol. 26v contains the arms of Jean III, seigneur of Acigné and of Cordemai (c. 1430-1497), son of Jean II, seigneur of Acigné and of Fontenay (1409-1462), and of Catherine de Malestroit de Chateaugiron (d. 13 November 1434); the letters K and S (Calendar, Suffrages, and possibly insignia on covers) may refer to King Charles VI of France; circa 1405. This manuscript is a Book of Hours was made for the use of Rennes in 1405 and features a...
Topics: Book of Hours, 15th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by The Rosenbach
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eye 381
favorite 2
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The Rosenbach, Free Library of Philadelphia, MS 1084/1. England, 1425-1450. This manuscript, written by two scribes in 199 vellum leaves with illuminated initials and border ornament, contains complete versions of fifteen of the tales: Man of Law, Shipman, Prioress, Rime of Sir Thopas, Melibeus, Monk, Nun's Priest, Doctor, Pardoner, Wife of Bath, Friar, Summoner, Clerk, Second Nun and Canon's Yeoman. It lacks the Prologue, the tales of the Miller, Reeve, and Cook and contains incomplete tales...
Topics: 15th century, English, Illumination
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 376
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 239. Metz?, Germany, Circa 1020. This manuscript is a copy of the Gospels written in Caroline Minuscule in Germany, possibly Metz, circa 1020. The prefatory material for the Gospel of Matthew is probably missing; the other Gospels have prefaces and synopses, but the first leaf of the Gospel text in each is missing and has been supplied later, perhaps in the fifteenth century. The lower margins have been cut from some leaves (fols. 60, 120, 143, 176, 182),...
Topics: Gospels, 11th century, German
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 375
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 47. Germany, Lower Rhine; 1425. This manuscript contains a collection of commentaries on the Bible, including several works by Saint Jerome and an unidentified text.
Topics: 15th century, German, Germany
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by The Rosenbach
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eye 369
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The Rosenbach, Free Library of Philadelphia, MS 1083/29. England, Second quarter of the fifteenth century. This manuscript contains the Confessio amantis, a 33,000-line Middle English poem by John Gower. The summaries and elegiacs are written in Latin, as rubrics. The text consists of the first version, dedicated to Richard II, with verses to Chaucer. This copy lacks the final original page of fifty-eight lines; the final folio (162) is a replica replacement by the twentieth-century scribe,...
Topics: 15th century, English, England
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 369
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 168. France, Early 14th century. This manuscript contains the Latin text of Petrus Comestor's biblical paraphrase, the Historia scholastica (fols. 1r-214v). It includes tables of contents for each book of scripture covered, as well as marginal glosses in near contemporary and later medieval hands in both drypoint and ink. The body text is helpfully annotated with running headings and chapter numbers, and this book also contains medieval foliation in ink....
Topics: Commentary, 14th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 363
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 169. Italy, Early 14th century. This manuscript is an early fourteenth-century French copy of the third edition of Petrus de Riga's Aurora, a commentary on the Bible in verse. The format of the volume is tall and thin. Running titles indicate the book of the Bible at the top of each page. Simple initials in red and blue and rubrication in red appear throughout the text. Leaves may be missing at the end. A 1915 letter from Wilfrid Voynich to John Frederick...
Topics: Commentary, 14th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Philadelphia Museum of Art, Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs
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eye 347
favorite 4
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Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs, 1883‑53. Tuscany?, Italy, Circa 1300. This manuscript is a large Italian antiphonary for the feasts and ferial days from Easter through the end of the liturgical year. The chants are written in square notation on four-line staves and the Latin texts are written in rotunda script, with red and blue initials throughout and large decorated initials in red, blue, and yellow. The first quire (fols. 1-7) contains chants for Epiphany and ends with a...
Topics: 13th century, 14th century, Italian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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eye 345
favorite 3
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 185. Paris, France, Several entries indicate usage in northwestern or central France, especially Savianus (Aug. 25; first archbishop of Sens), Amatus (Sept. 13) and Bercharius (October 16), both celebrated at the Abbey of Sens; several English saints suggest possible English ownership: Cuthbert (March 20; graded), Abbani (Albanus) (June 22; graded), Suithuni (Swithun) (July 2), Edmund (November 20); lacking important English saints like Dunstan (May 19) and...
Topics: Psalter, 13th century, France
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 332
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Free Library of Philadelphia, LC 14 13. England, Early 14th century.
Topics: Treatise, 14th century, English
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
texts
eye 330
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Widener 3. Flanders, Third quarter of the 15th century. This lavish Book of Hours (The Browne Hours) was made for the wealthy English merchant John Browne and his wife Agnes. The couple are portrayed as supplicants before the Mass of Saint Gregory on fol. 8v, and John Browne's trademark appears in the border of that page and also inside the back cover. The volume is remarkable in many aspects. It retains its original fifteenth century binding, complete with silver...
Topics: Book of Hours, 15th century, Flemish
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 20. France, 11th century; 12th century. This manuscript is an eleventh-century copy of De quattuor virtutibus karitatis or On the Four Virtues of Charity. This text and the other texts contained in the manuscript circulated in the Middle Ages under the name of Saint Augustine, but they have since been attributed to the fifth-century theologian Quodvultdeus of Carthage, who was a follower of Saint Augustine. The back Flyleaf 1 (fol. 48) is a fragment from a...
Topics: Collection of Sermons, Missal, 11th century
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 216. Germany, 21 December 1408. This manuscript on paper is a copy of sermons on the Epistles by Matthias de Liegnitz, professor of theology at the Univerzita Karlova in Prague. After a brief introduction, the sermons are arranged according to the liturgical calendar, with rubrics from the Sundays of Advent through the Sundays after Trinity Sunday. The text is written in Gothic cursive script in two columns, with one decorated initial at the beginning and...
Topics: 15th century, German, Germany
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Bryn Mawr College Library
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Bryn Mawr College Library, MS 7. Avignon?, Southern France, Written in France ca. 1350 and addressed to the scholars of Toulouse; mid-14th century. This manuscript was produced in Southern France, possibly in Avignon, in the mid-fourteenth century. It contains the text of Clement V's Constitutiones clementinae with the surrounding commentary of Giovanni d'Andrea (Johannes d'Andreae). There is some loss of text. On fol. 1r is an eighteen-line miniature showing an enthroned Pope (Clement) flanked...
Topics: 14th century, France, Treatise
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Philadelphia Museum of Art, Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs
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Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs, 1945‑65‑1. Paris, France, Illuminated by the Orosius Master and his workshop, Paris, circa 1408-1410; circa 1408-1410. This manuscript is a deluxe illuminated copy of the first five books of Raoul de Presles's French translation of and commentary on Augustine's City of God, a theological and historical treatise countering the claim that the Roman Empire fell because of its conversion to Christianity. The French translation, commissioned by...
Topics: Treatise, 15th century, French
Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 53. Italy, 1250-1280. This mid-thirteenth-century manuscript, produced in Italy, contains a collection of commentaries on works by Aristotle (384 BC-322 BC), most of which are anonymous. However, the commentaries on a pseudo-Aristotelian work on plants, on Aristotle's On Sense and the Sensible, and on the On Generation and Corruption, which are included in the manuscript, have been identified as works by Adam of Buckfield, a professor at Oxford during the...
Topics: 13th century, Italian, Italy
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Donald F. and Mildred Topp Othmer Library of Chemical History
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Donald F. and Mildred Topp Othmer Library of Chemical History, Othmer MS 3. Catalonia, Spain, Circa 1450-1480. This manuscript contains a copy of a fourteenth-century alchemical treatise discussing the arguments for and against alchemy.
Topics: Treatise, 15th century, Spain
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Linderman Library
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Lehigh University, Lehigh University, Special Collections, Lehigh Codex 15. Northeastern France(?) or Flanders(?), Late 14th or early 15th century. This damaged Book of Hours was likely produced in Northeastern France or Flanders in the late fourteenth century or early fifteenth century. The manuscript begins with a Calendar, which is lacking its first and last months. The book contains the Hours of the Virgin for Franciscan Use, followed by the Hours of the Cross and Hours of the Holy Spirit,...
Topics: 15th century, France, French
Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 190. Germany, Early 15th century. This paper manuscript was made in Germany in the early fifteenth century. It contains a complement to the unfinished third book of Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica made by a Reynoldus Romanus (fols. 1r-308r) complete with table of contents (fols. 309r-312v). A parchment tag has been added to fol. 309 for easy reference to this index. The text itself is simply adorned with colored capitals in red ink, one of which has been...
Topics: Treatise, Liturgy, 15th century
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 199. Flanders, Circa 1340. This manuscript contains seven leaves of the text Legenda aurea (Golden Legend).
Topics: Saint's Life, 14th century, Flanders
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 17. Austro-Bavaria, 16th century. This manuscript contains an armorial of sixteenth-century Austro-Bavarian nobility.
Topics: Armorial, 16th century, German
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 138. Milan, Italy, 1459. This manuscript is a humanist copy of the first book of Jacques de Vitry's thirteenth-century history, on Jerusalem or the Orient. The manuscript is written in one hundred chapters whose titles are listed in a table of contents at the beginning of the volume. The colophon at the end of the table of contents (fol. 5r) records that Johannes de Camenago copied the manuscript in 1459 in Milan. At least one leaf of the preface (before...
Topics: History, 15th century, Italian
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Widener 9. Amiens?, France, Likely made in Amiens; calendar contains Saints Firminus (25 September, fol. 17r), Honoratus (16 May, fol. 15r), and Fuscian and his companions (11 December, fol. 18v); mid to late 13th century. This manuscript is a thirteenth century Psalter-Hours made in northern France, likely Amiens. It features twelve full-page miniatures constituting a prefatory cycle of the life of Christ, in addition to seventeen historiated initials. The...
Topics: Psalter-Hours, 13th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Library Company
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Library Company, 1. Constantinople, Manuscript's content, script, and decoration link it to other Chrysostom manuscripts from early tenth-century Constantinople (N. Kavrus-Hoffmann); first quarter 10th century (N. Kavrus-Hoffmann). This Greek manuscript of Saint John Chrysostom's homilies on Paul's Letter to the Ephesians and commentary on the Letter to Galatians was written in the first quarter of the tenth century, probably in Constantinople. The first four homilies on Ephesians are missing...
Topics: Commentary, Collection of Sermons, 10th century
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Library Company
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Library Company, 2. Undetermined, Not Constantinople (N. Kavrus-Hoffmann); first half 13th century (N. Kavrus-Hoffmann). This manuscript is a copy from the first half of the thirteenth century on parchment in Greek minuscule of most of the short version of the lexicon traditionally attributed to Joannes Zonaras. The beginning of the text is missing; the first entries present are toward the end of the words beginning with gamma. Quire 6 is signed 12, another indication of material missing at the...
Topics: Glossary, 13th century, Greek
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 32. Oxford?, England, Circa 1230. This manuscript is a thirteenth-century Vulgate Bible, written in England, lacking the Psalms and the prologue before Genesis. Many of the numerous brief marginal notes have been trimmed. The Bible is followed by the end of an incomplete Interpretation of Hebrew Names, starting in the letter S (fols. 249r-251r), and three pages of medieval notes (fols. 251v-252v). The published account of the first two articles (out of...
Topics: Bible, Christian, 13th century
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Philadelphia Museum of Art, Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs
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Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs, 1945‑65‑20. Armenia, 16th century. This manuscript is a liturgical psalter and perpetual calendar for the Armenian church. Psalms 1-147 are divided into eight canons, each of which is divided into seven sections. Canticles from the Old Testament follow each canon. Psalms 148-150 are followed by the canticle of the Three Hebrew Children, the three New Testament canticles, Psalm 151, the prayer of Manasseh, and the prayer composed by Saint...
Topics: Psalter, 16th century, 17th century
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Philadelphia Museum of Art, Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs
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Department of Prints, Drawings, and Photographs, 1945‑65‑9. France, Originally made for the woman depicted on fol. 117r; early 16th century. This Book of Hours of the Use of Paris is known as the Susanna Hours on account of its unusual cycle of twelve large miniatures narrating the story of Susanna, each of which is accompanied by a set of five rhyming AABBA verses in French, consisting of unique translations of chapter thirteen of the Book of Daniel. The book begins with a calendar in...
Topics: Book of Hours, 16th century, French
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 256. Bavaria?, Southern Germany, German Cistercian Monastery; 1318-1325. This manuscript is a complete fourteenth-century Cistercian Breviary from Germany.
Topics: Breviary, 14th century, Germany
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Special Collections Research Center
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Temple University, Special Collections Research Center, (SPC) MSS BH 056 COCH. Cuzco, Peru, 1571. This manuscript is an account book kept by a Spanish royal treasury official in Peru for the year 1571, documenting revenue received and payments made on behalf of the King of Spain, and tributes or royal fifths levied against the native people of the Spanish colony. The title Libro de thesorero Diego de Salzedo para deste ano de 1571 is written on both the upper cover and the first folio. A table...
Topics: 16th century, Spanish, Paper
Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis
by Free Library of Philadelphia
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Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E 245. Northern Spain, Second half 13th century. This manuscript is a copy of the Fuero Real, the legal code promulgated by Alfonso X during his reign in the second half of the thirteenth century. Written in northern Spain during his reign, the text is written in a round textualis script and decorated throughout with colored initials. The four book divisions are marked with large colored initials, and a table of contents at the beginning of the volume lists...
Topics: Spain, 13th century, Spanish